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Setting the record straight: Which of the following statements about mentoring is true?

By Remy Meraz January 31, 2023

Which of the following statements about mentoring is true?

The importance of mentoring in personal and professional development cannot be overstated, as it can have a significant impact on an individual's career trajectory and overall success in life. Through the sharing of knowledge, skills, and experience, one mentor can transmit values and provide valuable insights and perspectives on different career paths and opportunities, helping the mentee to make informed decisions about their future.

However, there are many false statements about mentoring that often prevent individuals from fully understanding its potential benefits. In this blog post, we aim to set the record straight on these misconceptions and provide a clear understanding of the key aspects of mentoring and why successful mentoring is important. We'll also discuss what behaviors are effective for both mentors and mentees to get the most out of a mentoring relationship.

What are the 4 key aspects of a mentoring relationship?

Which of the following statements about mentoring is true? - What are the 4 key aspects of a mentoring relationship?

Mentoring is a relationship between an experienced and a less experienced person, where the mentor provides guidance, advice, and support to the mentee as they navigate their personal and professional growth. The goal of mentoring involves helping the mentee to develop their own skills and abilities and achieve their personal and career goals. Although it is often used as a development tool for employees, it can also be used in other contexts such as personal development and community development.

A good mentoring practice teaches their mentors to focus their attention on 4 key aspects of mentoring:

Guidance and Support

Guidance is a defining characteristic of any mentoring relationship. The mentor can provide influence and support on a variety of topics.

This guidance can take many forms, such as providing valuable advice on career advancement, skill enhancement, networking opportunities, and providing feedback on performance. The mentor can also provide support by sharing their own experiences, and by providing a sounding board for the mentee's ideas, concerns, and questions. This can be particularly valuable for mentees who are new to an organization or industry, as trainees may not have the same level of knowledge or experience as more seasoned employees.

Role Modeling

Mentors serve as role models for their mentees, providing examples of how to navigate the workplace, interact with colleagues, and achieve success. By giving mentees a tangible example of what they can aspire to achieve in their own personal and professional development, these leaders help their clients develop a sense of what they want in a career and in life.

It can also help mentees to identify the strengths and qualities that they need to develop in order to achieve their own goals, as well as serve as a guide on professional conduct and how to navigate the workplace.

It's important to note that role modeling can be positive or negative, so leaders should be conscious of the behaviors they're modeling, and ensure that they're setting a positive example for their participants.

Encouragement and Motivation

Encouragement and motivation are key aspects of mentorship because they help the mentee to set and achieve their goals. A good mentor will provide encouragement and support to the mentee as they work towards their personal and professional goals, helping them to stay motivated and on track.

Encouragement can come in many forms, such as praising the mentee for their accomplishments, providing constructive feedback, and helping the mentee to identify their strengths and weaknesses. This can help the mentee to develop a sense of confidence and self-awareness, which can be crucial in helping them to achieve their goals.

Motivation is also important as it helps to keep the mentee focused and engaged in their personal and professional development. A mentor can provide motivation by setting clear goals and objectives and providing regular updates on the mentee's progress toward those goals.

Additionally, a mentor can provide motivation by providing the mentee with new and challenging opportunities to develop their talents, such as taking on new responsibilities or working on special projects.

Trust and Confidentiality

Last but not least, trust and confidentiality must be established between the mentor and mentee. The mentee should feel comfortable sharing personal and professional information with their mentor, knowing that it will be kept confidential and used to support the mentee's growth and development.

If trust and confidentiality are not established early on in the mentoring process, research shows it can have several negative consequences. When the mentee doesn't feel comfortable sharing with their mentor, this can limit the effectiveness of the relationship, as the mentor may not have a full understanding of the mentee's needs and aspirations.

This can also influence the mentee's ability to receive mentoring and heed valuable advice, making it less likely that they will follow through on commitments or fully benefit from the mentoring relationship.

Historical perspectives of mentoring

Which of the following statements about mentoring is true? - Historical perspectives of mentoring

Mentoring has a rich history that spans cultures and industries. One of the earliest examples of mentoring in literature appeared in Ancient Greece, where the concept of apprenticeship was common. The word "mentor" comes from Greek mythology, where Odysseus appointed Mentor as the teacher and advisor to his son Telemachus.

In the Middle Ages, apprenticeship was the primary means of learning a trade. This apprenticeship system was based on a mentoring relationship where a master craftsman would teach a young apprentice the skills and knowledge needed to become a master in their own right.

During the Industrial Revolution, mentoring became more formalized as factory owners began to take an interest in the education and training of their employees. This led to the creation of apprenticeship programs that provided young workers with on-the-job training and mentorship.

In the 20th century, mentoring was increasingly used in the business world, to help employees develop the skills and knowledge they needed to advance in their careers. This led to the creation of formal mentoring programs within companies, and the use of mentoring as a tool for employee development. In recent years, federal funding has also been allocated to research directly related to the efficacy of a mentoring relationship, both in life and in the workplace.

Which of the following statements about mentoring is true?

Despite the fact that mentoring has been around for centuries, there are still many misconceptions surrounding the topic and its importance in developing the next generation of leaders. In reality, mentoring can be beneficial for anyone regardless of their background or current situation.

As you read through the next several paragraphs, ask yourself "which of the following statements about mentoring is true, and which one most accurately describes successful mentoring? Spoiler alert, we'll give you the answers and the reasons why too.

Mentoring can provide guidance and support for personal and professional development.

Correct Answer: True. A mentor is interested in providing guidance and support on a variety of topics.

This guidance can take the form of advice on career advancement, skill development, networking opportunities, and feedback on performance. Additionally, the mentor can share their own experiences, providing the mentee with valuable insights and perspectives on different career paths and opportunities.

When it comes to personal development, mentoring can also provide guidance and support on topics like self-awareness, goal setting, and personal growth. For example, a mentor might help the mentee to identify their strengths and weaknesses, and provide constructive feedback on how to improve or enhance them. A mentor might also help the mentee learn how to set proper expectations, and help them to develop the skills and knowledge they need to achieve their goals.

Mentoring can only happen when both mentor and mentee are in the same field or industry.

Correct Answer: False. Mentoring can be beneficial regardless of whether the mentor and mentee are in the same field or industry.

One of the benefits of having a mentor who is not in the same field or industry as the mentee is that the mentor can provide a fresh perspective and new insights into the mentee's personal and professional development. They can offer a different point of view and can challenge the mentee to think differently and can help them to develop a new set of talents and abilities.

Additionally, working with a mentor who is not in the same field or industry can also provide the mentee with valuable networking opportunities. A mentor who is in a different field or industry can introduce the mentee to new leaders and organizations, providing them with new resources and opportunities for growth and development.

Furthermore, a mentor who is not in the same field or industry can also provide the mentee with a sense of objectivity and impartiality, as they may not be as closely tied to the mentee's field or industry. This can be especially beneficial when the mentee is trying to navigate difficult situations or make difficult career decisions.

Mentoring is only for new employees or those in entry-level positions seeking career advancement.

Correct Answer: False. Regardless of their experience or position, employees at all levels of an organization can receive mentoring and reap the benefits.

Many mentoring programs and initiatives are designed specifically for new or entry-level employees, as they are often considered to be at a high risk of not succeeding in their careers. These programs are implemented to provide them with the necessary support, guidance, and skills to be successful.

However, mentoring is not limited to new or entry-level employees. Mentoring can happen at any stage of a person's career and can be beneficial for individuals of all levels of experience.

One benefit of mentoring for mid-level or senior employees is that it can provide them with an opportunity to develop new skills and knowledge that can help them to advance in their careers. For example, a mid-level employee might seek out a mentor who can provide guidance on how to be a better leader, or a senior employee might seek out a mentor who can provide guidance on how to navigate a new industry or market.

Additionally, mentoring can also be beneficial for mid-level employees or senior management who are looking to make a career transition. A mentor who has experience in the desired field can provide valuable advice and guidance on how to navigate the transition and how to develop the necessary abilities and knowledge to be successful.

Mentoring can foster a sense of accountability and motivation in the mentee.

Correct Answer: True. This accurately describes one of the greatest benefits that good mentors can provide.

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A good mentoring practice can foster a sense of accountability in the mentee by setting clear goals and objectives and regularly reviewing the mentee's progress toward those goals. This can help the mentee to stay focused and motivated, as they can see the progress they are making and the progress they need to make. Additionally, the mentor can provide regular feedback and help the mentee to understand what they need to do to achieve their aspirations.

The mentor can also foster motivation by providing the mentee with new and challenging opportunities to develop their skills, such as taking on new responsibilities or working on special projects. This can help the mentee to stay engaged and motivated, as they are constantly learning and growing.

Mentoring can be done in a variety of formats, such as one-on-one, group, or virtual.

Correct Answer: True. How you receive mentoring can take many different forms, and the format chosen will depend on the needs and preferences of the mentee, the mentor, and the organization.

One-on-one mentoring is the most traditional format, where the mentor and mentee meet on a regular basis to discuss their personal and professional goals and development. This can be done in person, over the phone, or via video conferencing.

Group mentoring is another format, where a group of participants meets with a mentor to discuss common goals and challenges. This type of mentoring involves mentees working in the same department or industry and can provide a sense of community and support.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the way that mentoring is conducted, leading to the rise in technology and virtual mentoring options. With the sudden shift to remote work, in-person mentoring became much more difficult, if not impossible in some cases. This has led management at many organizations to turn to virtual mentoring as a way to continue to support the development of their employees.

Mentoring is only for a specific period of time, such as a year.

Correct Answer: False. Mentoring can take place for a variety of time frames, depending on the needs of the mentee and the mentor.

Short-term mentoring is a type of mentoring that is typically focused on a specific goal or project and lasts for a shorter period of time, such as a few months. This type of mentoring can be beneficial when the mentee needs help with a specific problem or challenge, and need guidance and support to achieve a specific outcome. A common example of this would be college students working on a semester-long research project with a professor or teaching assistant.

Long-term mentoring, on the other hand, is a more ongoing relationship that can last for several years. The main focus of this type of mentoring is more focused on the mentee's overall development, and it typically involves multiple meetings and check-ins over an extended period of time.

Mentoring can be beneficial for both the mentor and the mentee.

Correct Answer: True. Two individuals always have the opportunity to learn from each other.

Most people assume that the mentee is the only one who benefits from this relationship, but that could not be farther from the truth. Mentors often find that they learn just as much from mentees as mentees learn from them.

Mentors can benefit from the mentoring relationship in a number of ways. For example, mentoring can provide mentors with the opportunity to share their experience and knowledge with others, which can be a rewarding experience and a way to give back to their community.

Through the mentoring relationship, mentors can also gain a deeper understanding of their own strengths and weaknesses and develop their own skills in communication, problem-solving, and conflict resolution. Additionally, mentoring can help mentors to stay current and relevant in their field, as mentees can provide them with new perspectives and ideas.

Mentoring can only happen between an older person and a younger person.

Correct Answer: False. Mentoring relationships can take place between individuals of any age, as long as they have a common goal or interest in mind.

Mentoring is not necessarily about passing knowledge from an experienced professional to a younger person, but rather about building a mutually beneficial relationship that helps both parties grow and develop. In fact, sometimes the mentor and mentee are peers, like in the case of a close friend or colleague.

One example of when a young person can mentor an older person is in the field of technology. Younger individuals who are up-to-date with the latest technologies and have a good understanding of digital tools can mentor older colleagues on how to use these tools effectively to improve their productivity and job performance.

Another example is when a young employee who has recently been promoted to a leadership role can mentor an older employee on how to lead a team and navigate the company's culture.

Mentoring is a two-way relationship; the key is that both parties have something valuable to offer and are open to learning from one another.

Mentoring relationships are always formal and structured.

Correct Answer: False. Depending on the needs of the mentor and mentee, it can be formal or informal.

Formal mentoring programs typically involve set guidelines and expectations, such as meetings that take place at a certain time and frequency. These types of programs are often sponsored by organizations or companies in order to provide structured support for employees or members. Some of the most well-known examples of formal mentoring programs include Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE), and YWCA.

Informal mentoring, on the other hand, is usually more relaxed and can take place in a variety of settings. This type of mentoring typically involves less structure than formal mentoring and allows for more flexibility to meet the needs of both participants involved. Mentees may be able to learn from mentors without having to commit to a long-term or structured relationship.

If you are interested in a more relaxed, tailored approach to mentorship, enlisting the help of a coach or professional mentor may be the answer for you. To learn more, check out our coaching blog.

Mentoring can help the mentee to gain confidence and self-awareness.

Correct Answer: True. Mentoring can be a valuable support system for individuals who are looking to gain clarity and confidence in their abilities.

Through mentoring, the mentor can provide valuable advice, guidance, and support in helping the mentee to develop self-awareness, build relationships, and overcome challenges. Mentees can also learn how to set career goals and hold themselves accountable for achieving them.

One of the common exercises used to generate more self-confidence is role-playing. For example, if a mentee is preparing for a job interview, the mentor can role-play the interview process with the mentee, providing feedback and guidance on how to improve.

The mentor can also provide the mentee with a safe space to explore their ideas and feelings without judgment. This can help to build the mentee's confidence and enable them to make positive changes in their life or career decisions.

Effective mentorship behaviors

The overall effectiveness of a mentoring relationship is directly related to the mentor’s and mentee's behavior. Both parties need to be fully engaged, open to learning, and willing to put in the work to get the most out of the experience. How much the participants put into the relationship plays an active role in determining how much they are able to get out of it.

If you're struggling with when and how to seek executive coaching, our comprehensive post on How to Choose the Perfect Coach for Executives can provide valuable insights.

Specific behaviors that are associated with successful mentorship include:

Active Listening

An effective mentor should be an active listener, paying attention to the mentee's needs, concerns, and goals. They should be able to identify the mentee's strengths and weaknesses and provide constructive feedback. By demonstrating effective listening skills, the mentor will be able to develop a sincere interest in the mentee's journey, as well as build connection and trust.

A good mentee should actively listen to and communicate with their mentor, being open to feedback and new ideas. They should be willing to ask questions, seek clarification on the answers when needed, and express their own thoughts and ideas.

Setting clear goals and objectives

A mentee should have a clear understanding of their personal and career goals, and communicate these effectively to their mentor. This will help the mentor to understand how they can best support and guide the mentee's journey.

A mentor should be a partner in helping to define objectives upfront. This includes not only setting out clear, achievable goals, but also defining a timeline for when these goals are expected to be achieved, and determining the areas of focus or topics that need to be discussed during the mentorship period. In addition, it is important to consider what resources or tools the mentor or mentee can provide to help ensure success.

Encouraging independence

A mentor should help the mentee to develop their own skills and abilities, encouraging them to take initiative and make decisions. They should empower the mentee to take control of their own development and to take ownership of their own learning.

Provided mentee with challenging tasks and assignments to help foster critical thinking and decision-making skills, while encouraging independent learning. For example, assigning a new project that requires the mentee to take on more responsibility or that is outside of their area of expertise can help them to develop these traits.

Fostering a safe and non-judgmental environment

Part of a mentor's main focus should be to create a safe and non-judgmental environment where the mentee can share their thoughts, feelings, and ideas freely and openly. A safe, trusting environment allows for meaningful conversations that are necessary for growth.

By communicating openly, asking questions, and expressing concerns in the moment, a mentee can also help foster a judgment-free space. They should also be respectful of the mentor's time and boundaries, and be open to their support and guidance.

Both parties should also be respectful of each other's diversity, background, and culture. Demonstrating respect and understanding creates a strong foundation for both sides of the mentoring relationship.

Taking initiative

A mentee should take initiative in their own development, actively seeking out opportunities for growth and learning. This can include seeking out new responsibilities, asking for feedback, and taking on new challenges.

By taking the bull by the horns, the mentee demonstrates their level of commitment and engagement in the mentorship process and shows that they want to make the most out of the opportunity. Rather than relying solely on the mentor to guide them, a mentee should take ownership of their learning, which can lead to more meaningful and sustainable growth.

Providing constructive feedback:

An effective mentor should provide regular, honest, and actionable feedback to the mentee. This can help the mentee to understand how they are perceived by others, identify areas for improvement, and develop new talents and abilities.

Without feedback, it can be difficult to know if the mentee is on track with their goals and objectives. Having regular check-ins allows the mentor to monitor progress and provide advice and direction when needed.

A mentee should also be open to feedback and advice from their mentor and not just view it as criticism. It’s important for a mentee to understand that feedback is meant to help them achieve their goals and should be seen as an opportunity for growth.

Mentees should also take the time to provide constructive feedback to their mentors. This can help strengthen the relationship while providing insight into how the mentor can best support the mentee's development.

Following through on commitments

A mentee should follow through on commitments they make to their mentor, such as completing assignments or taking on new responsibilities. This shows responsibility, reliability, and accountability on their part.

When someone consistently follows through on their commitments, it can help them develop personally and professionally in a number of ways. For example, someone who is known for being their word typically establishes a reputation for being reliable and dependable. This goes a long way when building credibility with others, especially in a professional setting.

A good mentoring practice should also adhere to the commitments they make. This helps build trust between the mentor and mentee and creates an environment of mutual respect. Both parties should take action when needed and be open to feedback from each other to ensure commitments are met.


Mentoring is a powerful tool that can be used to aid in a person's overall development, and when done correctly, can have a lasting, positive influence on both parties.

It can be a great way for mentees to gain meaningful guidance and advice, while mentors can take pride in helping others reach their potential. While it is important to choose the right mentor, it is equally important to put in effort when participating in a mentor-mentee relationship. With clear expectations, consistent effort, and a willingness to communicate openly, both parties can benefit from the experience and ultimately reach their desired goals.

The power of one mentor should not be underestimated; it provides an invaluable opportunity for growth and learning that can benefit both the mentor and mentee. If you are interested in finding a good mentoring practice or would like to learn how to gain influence and become an effective mentor yourself, be sure to check out the many resources available on our website.

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You can also learn more about the importance of mentoring in organizations by reading our blog post on demystifying the middle manager.

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About Remy Meraz

Remy Meraz, co-founder, and CEO of Zella Life, is a visionary leader who leveraged corporate glass ceiling challenges as a woman of color to drive systemic change.

While leading and cultivating high-performance teams from VC-backed startups to Fortune 500, she consistently faced obstacles such as inadequate mentorship, lack of psychological safety, and non-personalized training. Taking matters into her own hands, she turned to executive coaching and NLP training. This life-changing growth experience led to breaking leadership barriers and a passion for cognitive psychology.

Motivated by her experiences, she co-founded Zella Life, an innovative AI-driven coaching platform bridging the talent development gap by enhancing soft skills and emotional intelligence (EQ) in the workplace.

Her vision with Zella Life is to transform professional development into an inclusive and impactful journey, focused on the distinct needs of both individuals and organizations. She aims to promote advancement and culture change by ensuring every professional's growth is acknowledged and supported.

Today, Remy is recognized as an influential innovator, trainer, mentor, and business leader. Under her leadership, Zella Life has delivered significant measurable outcomes for numerous well-known brands. This track record of positive outcomes garnered attention and funding from Google for Startups and Pledge LA, establishing Zella Life as a pivotal force in the learning and development arena tackling and resolving fundamental talent development issues for organizations of all sizes.

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